Javanese script is a legacy of our ancestors who have always been literate and have a capable intellectual level. The Javanese script itself can be said to have advantages over other scripts in the world. Look at the arrangement of ha na ca ra ka, da ta sa wa la, pa dha ja ya, ma ga ba tha nga. From the arrangement of the Javanese letters, it shows that the maker has a very high artistic spirit because the arrangement of Javanese letters is not arranged haphazardly but also pays attention to aesthetic values and philosophical values that are so neat.
Apart from the content of the Javanese characters, some questions have not yet been found. That is about who invented the Javanese script? When was the Javanese script invented? Was the Javanese script invented when the archipelago had entered the historical era? Or maybe since pre-historic times our nation, especially Java, has been familiar with Javanese script?
It is admitted that until now there has been no valid and convincing answer that can answer the questions above. However, there are at least three opinions that can cure our curiosity about the inventor of the Javanese script.
- First, Aji Saka is believed to be the creator of the Javanese script. This is the narrative that is widely believed by some people through stories passed down from generation to generation. Aji Saka is a young man from India who has just completed his studies at a hermitage. Together with his two servans, Dora and Sembada, Saka goes on an odyssey to find a country that is fertile and prosperous, named Nusantara. Burdened with so heavy luggage, the three stopped at Majeti Island and Saka asked Dora to stay temporarily on the island by giving a message that Dora must take care of Saka’s belongings. One day he will come back to pick up Dora. No one other than Saka may take these items.
Long story short, Saka managed to become king in the country he had been looking for after defeating Dewatacengkar, a man-eating despot. He also remembered his former comrade, Dora, who still lives on Majeti Island. Finally, Saka ordered Sembada to take his belongings and at the same time pick up Dora so that the three of them could gather again in this prosperous and peaceful country.
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Sembada went to Majeti Island and when he arrived at Dora’s house, Sembada explained his purpose of coming to take Saka’s belongings and invited Dora to stay in Saka’s country. It turned out that Dora did not easily believe it. Because he remembered the master’s message that only the master has the right to take these things. Both had strong arguments and defended their beliefs because of the master’s orders. And, the fight between the two is unavoidable. Both are equally strong. In the end, both Dora and Sembada died, all of them died.
Prabu Aji Saka was devastated to learn the fact that his two loyal panakawans died for maintaining mutual loyalty to their master. After burying the corpse of his assistant, he was moved to meditate. Then he got inspiration about a series of letters that he wrote on an inscription which read:
Ha na ca ra ka (There is a messenger)
Da ta sa wa la (Argue, fight)
Pa dha ja ya nya (Both are both magical)
Ma ga ba tha nga (Up to you, everything becomes a carcass)
2. Second, Moh. Choesni has a different opinion from the first opinion. He illustrates that Javanese script is closely related to the Mongol attack on Singasari which was thwarted by Raden Wijaya and Arya Wiraraja in 1293 by tricking the Mongols so that they did not conquer Singasari but instead helped Singasari in conquering Kadiri. As for Choesni’s illustration, namely; Ha-na-ca-ra-ka (there is a messenger), da-ta-sa-wa-la (without war), his pa-dha-ja-ya (equally victorious, achieved his goals), and ma-ga-ba-tha-nga (mangga batagen; guess what). If you refer to this opinion, the Javanese script was first created in the early era of Majapahit standing.
3. Third, Wasisto has the opinion that the creator of the Javanese script was Jnanabhadra, a native Javanese scholar and Hinayana Buddhist priest. Jnanabhadra served as Emban Tuwanggana and Mahapatih Mangkubumi during Sanjaya’s reign in ancient Mataram. Furthermore, Wasisto said Jnanabadra had another name Dahyang Smarasanta or better known as Semar. So if you refer to this opinion, Javanese script was introduced in the ancient Mataram era, which was around the eighth century AD.